Kampala is a relatively safe place to visit. Having said this, there are certain precautions that should be taken in order to ensure a smooth trip through Uganda. Like always, common sense is the most important tool to be used in staying safe.
Make sure to research the political situation of Uganda before planning a trip. Demonstrations, protests and mass gatherings do occur in major public areas. Avoid these situations as they can be dangerous.
There are certain diseases and illnesses that can be dangerous in Uganda. Make sure to consult a doctor a few months before departing to ensure having gotten the proper vaccinations and immunizations.
Avoid walking alone at night (especially women). This is a general recommendation for any unfamiliar area, but should be followed in Kampala as well. If staying with a group is not an option and walking is unavoidable, try to remain in lighted, public areas.
Although street crime and petty theft are not major concerns in Kampala, they occasionally happen. However, most of these situations can be avoided using a few simple rules. Avoid carrying around large amounts of money or looking extremely flashy. Drawing un-needed attention is never a good idea. Lock all car doors and roll up windows when leaving valuables behind in a car.